MYI takes into account empirical relations within the items we selected, which means that the insights compiled in each question examined under the items can help us predict how the answers will be for other questions under the same item. As such, the research questions designed to examine each item ensure empirical relationship among each other, and thus, the empirical relations between two items can entail that both items reflect the same concept and we can include them in the same sub-indicator, and ultimately in the same index, following the same methodology. To ensure that our items are empirically related, we tested them using crosstabulations and correlation coefficients.
Each sub-indicator is measured on the basis of a scale of 1 to 4. This means that for economic inclusion, for example, 1 means youth are not economically included at all while 4 means youth are economically included to a great extent. These numeric values are calculated based on the items associated under each sub-indicator. For example, under economic inclusion, we measure youth unemployment. For that, the unemployment rate, which is a percentage point, will be given certain weight and calculated with the other items to provide a composite score for their respective sub-indicator.
MYI is an index illustrating a scale of 1 to 4, whereby 1 means that youth in a given country do not enjoy a general environment that values their interests and ensures their meaningful engagement and proper rights, freedoms, equality, and human development while 4 means that youth in a given country enjoy a general environment that places complete value on their interests, actively works toward their meaningful engagement, and ensures they are granted full rights, freedoms, and equality. These numeric values will be calculated based on the respective scores of the 9 sub-indicators.The results of the MENAACTION Youth Index have been validated. This was done through validating each item and sub-indicators that make up the index, by making sure that they all measure what they were intended to measure, through item analysis, in which we examined the extent to which the index is related to the individual sub-indicators and in turn to the research areas under these sub-indicators.
Areas of Research
Youth Unemployment; Gender Discrepancy; Economic Gender Equality; Corruption; Economic Environment; Entrepreneurship; Advancement/ Promotional Opportunities; Degree to Employment Ratio; Debt; Work Sectors; and PPP
Access to Scholarships and Affirmative Action Programs; Enrollment vs Completion Rates; Retention Rates; Gender Breakdown; Literacy rates; and
Areas of Focus
Freedom of Speech; Freedom of Expression; Political Freedom; Party Creation; Organization; Ability to Run for Elections; Religious Freedoms; Personal Freedoms; and Economic Freedoms
Gender Equality; Age Equality; Religious Equality; PWDs; Migrant Populations Equality; and Minority Rights (Ethnic and Religious)
Youth Voter Turnout; Candidacy Age Restrictions; Registration; Number of Elected Officials; Memberships; Youth Clubs; Government/ National Initiatives for Youth; The Magnitude of Inclusion in Initiatives
Public Spaces; Arts and Theatre; and Youth Clubs
Access to Free Clinics; Physicians per 1000 Person or per Distance; Insurance Coverage; Medication Affordability; Affordability of Service; Women’s Health; Maternal Health; Health Education; Reproductive Health; Birth Rates; STDs; Illnesses; Life Expectancy; Mental Health; Drugs and Addiction; Rehabilitation Services; and Quality of care
Access; Internet Penetration; Social Media Use; Cyber Laws; Cost of Data; and Use of Phones
Air Quality; Pollution; Water Quality; Availability of Water; Infrastructure; and Prevalence of Recycling