MENARY Monitor – Edition 124
August 13, 2023
Politics and Political Engagement
More than two-thirds of young Arabs in the Middle East see Turkey and China as a “strong or somewhat of a strong ally” for the region, research shows. More than 82 percent of Arab youth aged 18-24 named Turkey “a strong ally or somewhat of an ally” followed by China at 80 percent. The United States did not fare as well and was ranked seventh, with 72 percent of Arab youth saying it was a strong ally or somewhat of an ally, below Germany at 78 percent, France at 74 percent and India at 73 percent. In a separate category of alliances within the Arab world, Qatar emerged on top in the eyes of Arab youth, with 90 percent considering it a strong ally or somewhat of an ally.
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Jeanine Plasschaert, stressed the need to involve young people in many other issues central to the future of this country. Blaskhart said, in a statement on the occasion of International Youth Day 2023: “Young people make up 60 percent of the population of Iraq … the need to involve them in a green Iraq, and many other issues central to the future of this country.” She added, “It is quite clear, whether my colleagues in the generation like it or not: very soon young people will lead the way, and their voices must be heard.”
On the occasion of International Youth Day, the British Embassy in Libya affirmed its desire to see Libyan youth as leaders of tomorrow. The British Embassy said on its Twitter page that the United Kingdom is passionate about promoting youth opportunities and seeing Libyan youth as leaders of tomorrow and a catalyst for change today in Libya. For its part, the Presidential Council, in a statement, reaffirmed its commitment to the project of reconciliation and youth empowerment, indicating its unwavering support for creating a Libya where reconciliation and sustainable development go hand in hand.
Jerash Youth Center, in cooperation with the Independent Election Commission, implemented an awareness workshop on election and party laws, with the participation of 34 young people in the center hall. The workshop aims to enhance youth participation in public life and enable young people to exercise their active role in political life.
Economics and Entrepreneurship
Young Arabs wishing to emigrate prefer to move to Canada, the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom or France. High levels of youth unemployment to more than 25%, which is the highest and fastest growing rate in the world. The fifteenth annual ASDA’A BCW Arab Youth Opinion Survey, issued by “ASDA’A BCW” – the leading public relations consulting firm in the Middle East and North Africa – revealed that more than half (53%) of Arab youth in the eastern Mediterranean countries and about half In North Africa (48%), said they are trying or seriously considering leaving their countries to look for better opportunities, especially job opportunities.
In a bid to counter the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region’s youth employment gap, INJAZ Al-Arab has joined forces with The Starbucks Foundation and Starbucks Middle East and launched youth upskilling programs across the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait geared at teaching financial independence and employability. Commenting on the partnership, Akef Alaqrabawi, CEO of INJAZ Al-Arab, said, “Youth unemployment remains one of MENA’s most pervasive challenges, and it’s only exacerbated by the pandemic-induced economic outlook. The International Labour Organization reported that youth unemployment in the region was just shy of 26% in 2021 – a new peak. Our partnership with The Starbucks Foundation and Starbucks Middle East aims to reduce the burden of employment on the region by empowering students with the necessary skills, knowledge, and guidance to succeed in tomorrow’s world of work.
Members of the Ma’an Youth Center participated in the dialogue session entitled “Future Professions and Skills that Qualify for the Labor Market”. The dialogue session was jointly held between Al-Hussein Bin Talal University and the Vocational Training Corporation.
The Ministry of Youth and Sports, through the Central Administration for Youth Empowerment (General Administration for Youth Initiatives), in cooperation with the International Labor Organization, is organizing the Youth Employment Forum “Youth for the Future Project” in Alexandria Governorate, on Thursday, August 24, 2023, at the Abu Qir Youth Center, in cooperation with private sector companies. On the sidelines of our youth summer activities. Dr. Ashraf Sobhi, Minister of Youth and Sports, confirmed that the employment forums come within the framework of the Ministry of Youth and Sports’ interest in qualifying Egyptian youth for the labor market, in addition to providing decent job opportunities for young people in all governorates of Egypt, indicating that the coming period will witness a series of forums in cooperation with the Decent Life Foundation in Delta and Upper Egypt governorates to provide employment services to Egyptian youth, especially in the villages of a decent life.
The activities of the “Asaa / Job Search Clubs” project, which is organized by the Ministry of Youth, in partnership with the International Labor Organization and the United Nations Children’s Fund, were concluded at the Irbid Model Youth Center. The project is implemented by the Business Development Center, and funded by the Government of the Netherlands. Yahya Al-Momani, Irbid Youth Director, urged the participants to exert more effort and perseverance, and to make the best use of the knowledge and skills provided by this training course, to keep up with the requirements of the labor market.
A young Yemeni man died, as a result of torture in one of the prisons of the Emirati-backed Transitional Council, in Lahj Governorate, in the south of the country, days after he was kidnapped from his workplace without knowing the reasons.
The results of a global study, in which more than a million young people participated in the world, revealed that 700 thousand young people, or 70% of those surveyed, chose education, acquiring skills, and obtaining a job, as the best options that provide them with self-reliance and a secure future, according to the Portuguese newspaper “Acoriano Oriental”. The study, which bears the slogan “What do young people want?”, is organized by the “PMNCH” group, which is associated with the World Health Organization, and comes in conjunction with the celebration of International Youth Day, the largest survey of young people in the world. According to the study, the primary concern of young people was obtaining a good education, acquiring distinctive vocational and life skills, and good jobs, which would enable them to face the high cost of living, the climate crisis, and the increasing conflicts.
The United Nations Support Mission in Libya met with youth representatives to discuss the challenges of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The UN mission said in a statement, that the meeting came to encourage the voices of youth in Libya and to celebrate International Youth Day, which falls on the twelfth of August. Representatives from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime attended the meeting.
The Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics stated that the data for the year 2022 indicate that 18 out of every 100 young men/women aged 18-29 years have a bachelor’s degree or higher, pointing out that young women are the most fortunate, as 23 out of every 100 young women hold a degree Bachelor’s degree and above, compared to 13 young males. On the occasion of the International Youth Day, which falls on the 12 of August, the Statistics Authority indicated that, on the other hand, unemployment rates constitute the biggest challenge facing young people, as these rates reached 59% among females and 32% among males, and were the highest in the Gaza Strip compared to the West Bank, with 75% and 30%, respectively. The percentage of young women aged 20-24 years who got married before reaching the age of 18 was about 13 young women for every 100 young women in 2020 (12% in the West Bank, 17% in Gaza Strip), while this ratio was 37 young women for every 100 young women in the year 2010. The percentage of young people (18-29 years) who practice smoking in 2021 was about 31% (43% in the West Bank, 13% in the Gaza Strip), and at the gender level, the percentage of male youth who practiced smoking was about 54% compared to 7% for females. According to data from the Labor Force Survey for the year 2022, about 95% of young people in the age group of 18-29 years use the Internet from anywhere, and the percentage of male youth who use the Internet from anywhere is 95%, compared to 96% for females.
The Barzan Youth Center celebrated the graduation of more than 1,000 members of the Barzan Academy for Youth Leaders, which was launched by the center with the aim of building entities that focus on the leadership aspect. This came during the closing ceremony of the summer activity at the Barzan Academy for Youth Leaders at the Barzan Youth Center for this year (2023), in the presence of a number of officials from the Ministry of Sports and Youth, alumni of the academy and parents. Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Hassan Al Thani, Head of the Barzan Youth Center, said in a speech on this occasion that the Barzan Academy for Youth Leaders aims to build entities that focus on the leadership aspect, noting that the moral and ethical aspect is one of the most important pillars of the academy that was launched last year, explaining that the idea of The academy is based on three strategic axes: implementation, skill, and values, stressing that the dream is to graduate real leaders who advance society.
Dr. Safaa Al-Sharif, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Youth and Sports in Alexandria, said that the training activities for the project “A Thousand Girls.. A Thousand Dreams” were implemented at the Sidi Beshr Club, which is implemented by the Central Administration for Sports Development “General Administration of the Grassroots” in cooperation with the Directorate of Youth and Sports in Alexandria and the British Council for Education. Basic skills in soccer for girls. El-Sherif explained that the project comes within the framework of the celebration of the 80th anniversary of the establishment of the British Council in Egypt. Youth and Sports to train football coaches.
The official account of the World Youth Forum published a set of photos to celebrate the International Youth Day, where the official account commented on the photos: “The International Youth Day confirms and celebrates the importance of teaching youth important skills to guide them to a brighter future, and the World Youth Forum has always been about empowering and advocating youth For a better tomorrow.. What skill do you think should be taught in schools?” And the account concluded with the hashtag “We come back together.”
Experts recommended the necessity of promoting a culture of innovation and foreseeing the future among the young generation, and investing in future generations with the aim of achieving sustainable development and the goals of the UAE Centennial 2071, which seeks to invest in the country’s youth, equip them with skills and knowledge that respond to the rapid changes, and work for the UAE to be the best country in the world. This came during the event organized by the “Dubai Customs Youth” team on the occasion of the International Youth Day, which falls on August 12 of each year, and is celebrated around the world this year under the slogan “The importance of developing youth skills suitable for the green economy in achieving a sustainable world.”